Indigo

Indigo

Louis Fischer

Champaran Satyagrah

The scene starts with the arrival of Rajkumar Shukla, a farmer from Champaran district of northern Bihar trying to meet Gandhi.

In Champaran, a district in state of Bihar, tens of thousands of landless serfs, indentured laborers and poor farmers were forced to grow indigo and other cash crops instead of the food crops which was necessary for their survival. These goods were bought from them at a very low price. Suppressed by the ruthless militias of the landlords (mostly British), they were given measly compensation, leaving them mired in extreme poverty. The villages were kept extremely dirty and unhygienic, and alcoholism, untouchability and purdah were rampant. Now in the throes of a devastating famine, the British levied an oppressive tax which they insisted on increasing in rate. Without food and without money, the situation was growing progressively unlivable and the peasants in Champaran revolted against indigo plant cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and 1916(Turkaulia) and Raj Kumar Shukla took Mahatma Gandhi to Champaran and the Champaran Satyagraha began. Gandhi arrived in Champaran with a team of eminent lawyers Brajkishore Prasad, Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha and others including Acharya Kripalani. (courtesy:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champara…

COMPREHENSION

Cloze Exercise on the Gist of the Lesson

Test Your Comprehension

LINES TO PONDER

“Freedom of fear is more important than legal justice for the poor.”

Explanation: Legal justice offers short term benifits in the case of oppressors. The most important is the freedom from fear as it brings a permanent attitudinal change. It helps them to face life more boldly and live it more fruitfully. Hence freedom from fear is more important than legal justice for the poor and oppressors.

MIND MAP

Indigo

QUICK REVISION NOTES  Click Here

QUESTION BANK   Click Here

VALUE ADDED QUESTIONS & ANSWERS  Click Here

QUESTIONS & MODEL ANSWERS  Click Here

PPt to enhance your GK and information regarding the lesson

A INTRODUCTION CLICK HERE
B SUMMARY Click Here
C QUICK REVISION NOTES Click Here
D THEME & TITLE CLICK HERE
E WORD BANK Click Here
F QUESTION BANK Click Here
G VALUE ADDED QUESTIONS & ANSWERS Click Here
H QUESTIONS & MODEL ANSWERS Click Here
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